Division Head  Vyacheslav Kremenetsky

Division of Ocean Physics

1946 Fundamental role of the spatial non-uniformity of the wind field in the formation of ocean circulation. Theory of the equatorial countercurrent.  
1967 Theory of ocean turbulence. 
1970 Synoptic eddies. POLYMODE, a large-scale experiment in the Atlantic.
1995-2016 instrumental observations of hydrological features of the North Atlantic along the 60oN. 
2002-2016 Regular expeditions to the South Atlantic and performing transoceanic hydrophysical sections.
2015 Deep convection is found in the subpolar Atlantic and record lowering of surface water to depths > 1.5 km.

Children categories

Sea-Air Interaction and Climate Laboratory (SAIL)

Head: Associated member of RAS, Prof. Sergey Gulev
Department of large-scale processes and climate
Website of the laboratory: sail.ocean.ru

Climatological ocean-atmosphere latent heat flux (W/м<sup>2</sup>)reconstructed for the last 50 years

The main directions of study:
Ocean-atmosphere interaction at various time-scales.
Ocean general circulation modeling.
Cyclone activity in the mid-latitudes.
European continental climate changes and tropical latitudes changes of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Parameterization of short wave radiation at sea surface.
Development of the global and regional climatologies of ocean waves characteristics.
Planetary wave impacts on stratospheric dynamics.

View items...

Laboratory of Large-Scale Variability of Hydrophysical Fields

Head: Prof. Vladimir Byshev
Department of large-scale processes and climate

Возмущение поля атмосферного давления на у.м.ивекторов скорости геострофического ветра приГлобальной атмосферной осцилляции (10 событий Эль-Ниньо и 5 событий Ла-Нинья в 1950-2010 гг.)

The main directions of study:
Anomalies in intrasecular oscillations of climatic characteristics of the ocean and atmosphere in their interplay.
Numerical modeling of thermodynamic parameters of the upper active layer of the ocean.
Laboratory modeling of coherent dynamic structures.
Diagnosis of the largescale hydrophysical ocean system.

View items...

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

Head: Prof. Grigoriy Reznik
Department of large-scale processes and climate

Energy exchange between the equator zone and the mid-latitudes

The main directions of study:

Ocean waves, eddies and large-scale currents responsible for climate and weather formation on the Earth.
Western boundary currents dynamics (the Gulf Stream, Kuroshio, etc.).
Various types of wave motions in the ocean and the atmosphere.
Synoptic eddies and Rossby waves determining the ocean and the atmosphere dynamics; a number of the results have also been applied to plasma physics and astrophysics.

View items...

Non-Linear Wave Processes Laboratory

Head: Prof. Sergey Badulin
Department of large-scale processes and climate

Numerical profile of a rogue wave and the famous Hokusai wave

The main directions of study:

Physics of non-linear evolution of ocean wave fields (surface, internal, capillary) and their mathematical description.
Theories of surface waves dynamics for remote sensing of sea surface.
Principles of formation and decay of inner thermocline eddies and their interactions with the bottom topography.

View items...

Group of Climate Variability Model for Oceans and Seas

Head Associated member of RAS, Prof.  Rashit Ibraev
Department of large-scale processes and climate

Group of Climate Variability Model for Oceans and Seas

The main directions of study:

Physics of the ocean, large and mesoscale hydrodynamics of the sea.
Mathematical modeling of the dynamics of the World Ocean and inland seas.
Climatic variability.
Synoptic variability.
The Caspian Sea, the Black Sea, the World Ocean.

View items...

Laboratory of Land-Ocean Interactions and the Anthropogenic Impact

Head: Associated member of RAS, Prof. Peter Zavialov
Department of Coastal and Mesoscale Oceanology

Website of the laboratory: land.ocean.ru

Modern view of the Aral Sea from space

The main directions of study:

Impacts of continental discharges on the marine systems.
Anthropogenic impacts on the ocean and inland water bodies.
Remote sensing of the ocean.
Climate variability at different scales.

View items...

Marine Turbulence Laboratory

Head: Prof. Viktor Zhurbas
Department of Coastal and Mesoscale Oceanology

Map of the maximum  Kmax and the asymptotic  K? lateral eddy diffusivity coefficients in the World Ocean

The main directions of study:

Ocean microstructure: turbulence, double diffusion, differential mixing.
Modeling of mesoscale processes in the ocean in the framework of eddy-resolving models.
Intrusive stratification of ocean fronts: modeling, analysis of empirical data.
Simulation of deep-sea oil spills.
Lateral mixing in the ocean according to drifters.

View items...

Ocean Optics Laboratory

Head: Dmitry Glukhovets
Department of Coastal and Mesoscale Oceanology

Atlas of biooptical characteristics of the Russian seas from satellite data

The main directions of study:

Seawater optical characteristics.
Light fields in the ocean from natural and artificial sources.
Development and use of optical and radiophysical methods (contact and remote, including satellite). for the study and monitoring of seas and oceans.

Group of Radiophysics of the Ocean:

Investigations of the fields of the reflected and intrinsic radio emission of the ocean in their interrelation with hydrophysical, acoustic and optical fields and phenomena

View items...

Laboratory of Noises and Sound Fluctuations in the Ocean

Head: Prof. Alexander Vedenev
Department of Coastal and Mesoscale Oceanology

Autonomous Hydroacoustic Buoy with satellite connection to the Internet

The main directions of study:

Investigation of physical processes in the ocean by remote acoustic methods.
Acoustic tomography using pseudo noise signals.
Development of technical means for research and monitoring of underwater noise in real time.
Numerical modeling of safety zones in the acoustical impact of anthropogenic noise in marine mammals.
Passive acoustic monitoring of industrial noise for detection and identification of marine mammals by their acoustic signals.

View items...

Experimental Ocean Physics Laboratory

Head: Prof. Andrey Zatsepin
Department of Ocean Dynamics

International Drifters Experiment (1999-2003): trajectories of the upper layer drifting buoys

The main directions of study:

Mesoscale hydrophysical processes in the World Ocean and in the Russian seas.
Water exchange between the shelf zone and the open sea – field and lab experiments.
Satellite monitoring of the Russian seas and selected areas of the World ocean.
Development of new oceanological instruments and their introduction into the practice of marine research.

View items...

Sea Currents Laboratory

Head: Prof. Vladimir Zhmur
Department of Ocean Dynamics

Temperature profile from the river Lena delta to the deep part ofthe Laptev Sea, September 2015

The main directions of study:

Southern Ocean, its currents, fronts, water masses, ice, thermal interaction with the atmosphere.
Physicochemical properties of water masses of the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean and the boundaries between water masses.
Intermediate layer of Antarctic water in the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic oceans.
Interannual and seasonal variability in the distribution of icebergs in all sectors of Antarctica and its relationship with El Ni?o.

View items...

Laboratory of Hydrological Processes

Head: Prof. Evgeniy Morozov
Department of Ocean Dynamics

Абиссальныйканал Вима набатиметрическойкарте

The main directions of study:

Topographic forcing of circulation and internal waves.
Currents in the abyssal channels of the Atlantic (Vema channel; Romanche, Chain, Vema, etc. fracture zones).м Internal tides.
Inertial oscillations. Ocean currents.

Polar oceanography group:
Large-scale and mesoscale processes in the Arctic Ocean.
North Atlantic water masses, their formation, climatic variations and thermohaline circulation.

View items...

Laboratory of Marine Meteorology

TilininaHead: Natalya Tilinina 
Department of large-scale processes and climate

The main directions of study:

Study of mesoscale and synoptic processes in the near-surface layers of the atmosphere and ocean.

Monitoring wind waves in the open ocean.

Development of the created SeaVision system, which allows to obtain operational information about the state of the surface of the World Ocean.

View items...